From the Editor of the Canadian Patriot

This article is reprinted from the  July 15-30, 1951 series published in the Chicago Tribune by journalists Edward Griffin, William Fulton, Arthur Veysey, Philip Dodd and Philip Warden which is now accessible on

While the authors mistakenly misdiagnose Franklin Roosevelt (whose administration was infested with Rhodes Scholars) as himself a conscious agent advancing the British agenda for a world government, the key players in the Rhodes Trust network and relevant motives are concretely identified.

The fact that such widely published dailies as the Chicago Tribune were readily accessible to the Canadian population (as  US print media far exceeded all other media during this time in Canada), gives the modern historian insight into the fearful drive which Vincent Massey and George Henri Levesque exhibited in seeking to ban foreign periodicals for Canada, which was a major focus of the 1949-1951 Royal Commission on the Arts and Letters. This ban was applied to all American periodicals and magazines (excepting Readers Digest and the fascist Time Magazine of Henry Luce) for decades.

Cecil Rhodes



[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

OTTAWA, July 22 — scholars and other British educated Canadians are in a unique position to serve Britain thru Canada’s influence on Washington as a next door neighbor of the United States.

Canada acts as a connecting link between England and the United States, helping to hold the neighboring republic in line with the dominion’s mother country. The linchpin role has been easy for Canada with Dean Acheson, son of a Canadian mother and an English father, serving as American secretary of state.

When Gen. MacArthur displeased Britain and Canada by his efforts to win the Korean war, Canada’s Oxford educated minister for external affairs, Lester B. Pearson, complained that American-Canadian relations had become “difficult and delicate.” Mac Arthur was fired the next day.

Twenty-three on Pearson’s Staff

Pearson’s foreign office staff is packed with Rhodes scholars. There are 23 among 183 staff officers, or one out of every eight, who were educated at Oxford university, England, on scholarships created by Cecil Rhodes, empire builder and diamond mogul who wanted the United States taken back into Britain’s fold.

Other Canadian foreign office members also were educated in England, altho not as Rhodes scholars. Pearson went to Oxford [St. John’s, 1922] on a Massey scholarship, endowed by a Canadian millionaire.

Arnold D. P. Heeney [St. John’s, 1923], undersecretary of state, and Escott M. Reid [Christ Church, 1927], deputy undersecretary, who are Pearson’s principal advisers, are Rhodes scholars. The list of 23 Rhodes scholars in Pearson’s department includes only three French-Canadian names.

Hold Many High Offices

Canadians with an English education fill key positions in official contacts with the United States. They are at the top of the department of external affairs, sit on the department’s American desk in Ottawa, are in the Canadian embassy in Washington, in charge of Oxford educated Ambassador Hume Wrong, and are at the United Nations. Rhodes scholar Arnold C. Smith [Christ Church, 1935] is senior adviser to the Canadian delegation at the U. N.

John W. Pickersgill, leader of the Ottawa government’s palace guard, with the official title of special assistant to the prime minister, went to Oxford on a scholarship given by Canada’s Imperial Order of Daughters of the Empire. Pickersgill is a political handyman, speech writer, and contact man for the prime minister, and wields immeasurable influence on Canada’s American relations.

He has been on loan to the prime minister from the department of external affairs since 1937. The Montreal Gazette recently recalled that Pickersgill once was considered “a little left of middle.”

399 Canadian Rhodes Scholars

Norman A. Robertson, a Rhodes scholar (Balliol, 1923]. sometimes called the most brilliant member of the British trained inner circle in the government’s East Block, headquarters of the prime minister and the foreign office, is another important figure in Canada’s relations with Britain and the United States.

He is clerk of the privy council and secretary to the cabinet, and has been undersecretary of state and high commissioner [ambassador] to Britain. He was in the same class at Oxford as Heeney, one year after Pearson.

Many of the 399 Canadian Rhodes scholars have moved to the United States, where 30 are professors or otherwise connected with education. In Canada, 33 work for the dominion government, in addition to the 21 in Pearson’s department; 11 have jobs with provincial governments, including one provincial premier; 72 are in educational work, 65 are practicing law, 28 are in business, and 16 are practicing medicine. Clarence S. Campbell of Montreal, president of the National Hockey league, is a Rhodes scholar [Lincoln, 1926].

High Socalists Included

Edward B. Jolliffe [Christ Church, 1931], leader of the Cooperative Commonwealth federation [Socialist party] in Ontario, where he is a member of the provincial legislature, a n d David Lewis [Lincoln, 1932], former national secretary of the CCF, are Rhodes scholars. With the Socialist party losing strength in Canada, Lewis recently resigned his party job to join Jolliffe’s law firm in Toronto.

George V. Ferguson [Christ Church, 1920], editor of the Montreal Star. and James B. McGeachy, associate editor of the Toronto Globe and Mail, are the only Rhodes scholars in Canadian journalism. The Montreal paper was founded by a man who was made a baron for his services to the British empire. It is noted today for its stodginess.

James Minifie, a Rhodes scholar from Saskatchewan [Oriel, 1923], writes regularly in the Montreal Star, an associated week-end paper, the Standard, and broadcasts over the Canadian government’s radio network as the Washington correspondent of the New York Herald Tribune.

Pearson’s department of external affairs controls the type of news that is broadcast over the Canadian radio’s international service thru Arthur L Pidgeon, another Rhodes scholar [New college. 1938], who has the title of “coordinator of policy.”

Canada sends 11 Rhodes scholars to Oxford each year, chosen, as in the United States, by a committee. Each province may send one scholar, except Prince Edward Island, which has none, and Ontario and Quebec, which may send two scholars per year.

The first scholarships were allotted in 1904, and Quebec’s French Canadians were suspicious of this form of British gift. The Catholic university, Laval in Quebec, waited a year before sending a scholar to Oxford in 1905, sent none in 1906, and then the school’s officials quietly offered the scholarship to Louis S. St. Laurent, Laval’s brightest student, who turned down the Rhodes scholarship to continue his study of law in Quebec. He now in Canada’s prime minister.

Back to Rhodes’ Dream

Rhodes wanted America brought back into Britain’s empire and Canada’s Rhodes scholars today are among the Atlantic federation dreamers who want the United States to lose its sovereignty in a union with Canada, Britain, and other countries.

The Canadian senate, whose members are appointed by the government and who could not pass the time of day without the government’s approval, last year passed a resolution calling for an international convention to discuss plans for creation of a “federal union” of the Atlantic pact countries.

Prime Minister St. Laurent whose advisers are Rhodes scholars, expressed a hope in a speech last fall that the federation of Canadian provinces might be followed some day by a world-wide federation. Pearson has said that the North Atlantic alliance should be developed into a federation going beyond mere defense.

It may one day become a political commonwealth,” he has stated. In parliament, however, he has cautioned “one world” enthusiasts that they must not get too far in front of American public opinion