Mackinder’s Geopolitics versus LaRouche’s World Landbridge

By Matthew Ehret-Kump

American economist Lyndon LaRouche’s proposals for a Eurasian Landbridge and Russia’s current proposal for the Bering Strait Rail Tunnel connection from Vladivostok through 100 km of water to Alaska and into Canada are not new. These visionary proposals are a long time in the making and have represented a tormenting nightmare to several generations of imperial geopoliticians.

By the turn of the 20th century, Russian Transport Minister Count Sergei Witte working in tandem with American system leaders and engineers in Siberia were completing the final stretch of the Trans-Siberian Railway. This development followed 1) hot on the heels of Lincoln’s victorious suppression, with the help of Russia’s Czar Alexander II, of the British financed Confederate uprising in 1865, 2) the 1867 United States purchase of Alaska from Russia, and 3) the near annexation of British Columbia into America in 1870[1]. The feasibility studies to connect the two continents were first presented by the Trans-Siberian Railway Company in 1905[2]. The British Empire at the time was known as “the old man of Europe” and in all intents and purposes was on the verge of extinction.

Mackinder’s geopolitics demands a closed system

In 1904, as a response to these developments, British Fabian Society member and director of the London School of Economics Sir Halford Mackinder, formulated a school of thought known as Geopolitics. This study has influenced all imperial strategists who emerged from the 20th century from Rhodes scholar William Yandell Elliot, his Harvard students sir Henry Kissinger, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Bernard Lewis as well as Samuel P. Huntington to name a few. It was also the foundation for the Heartland theory extolled by Nazi geopolitician Karl Haushofer and adopted by Hitler.

Mackinder’s program was little more than a reformulated “divide to conquer” policy already practiced for centuries by the British Empire, and arose entirely as a response which the threat Lincoln’s American System program of rail development posed to the continued existence of the failing British Empire as mentioned above. Not only did rail pose a threat to the Empire, but also the advent of the new energy dense fuel source known as petroleum which was threatening to replace the largely monopolized (and less energy dense) coal for industrial production.

From Japan’s Meiji Restoration, to Chancellor von Bismarck’s “Berlin to Baghdad Rail” initiative, to Russia’s Trans-Siberian Railway, inter-continental development driven by American System rail programs were initiating new dynamics of cooperation and development amongst all nations of North America, Europe, Russia and Asia. Most importantly, these pro-development approaches to national economies were founded on the concerted rejection of all British Free Trade dogma and the vigorous adoption of the protective tariff, productive credit and long term planning, all acting under the principle of the general welfare. To their horror, the British Empire was witnessing a worldwide emergence of the American System.

After successful expeditions to the South and North Pole had been accomplished by 1909, Mackinder declared, like Malthus before him that all that could be discovered on the Earth had been discovered, and that human society was now officially locked within an absolutely closed system. All that remained was for leading monopolies to map out finite resources, and get victim nations to slaughter each other in territorial disputes that would necessarily occur as the outcome of each striving to possess as many of these “finite resources’ as possible before they ran out. This would be achieved by getting nations to look at the future not from the American System standpoint of their creative potentials to change those limits for the better, but rather from the monetarist free market filter of pleasure-pain and momentary profit. Were bestial dynamic of each against all not adopted, all hope for world domination would be lost.

Mackinder’s theory was expressed most clearly in his observation: “Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; Who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; Who rules the World Island commands the World.”

 Reality is an open system

In the logic of empire, nations must be kept fighting each other in a closed system of absolute scarcity. Rather than creatively moving outside of those limits by discovering new principles of the universe, and creating new energy sources such as nuclear fission, thermonuclear fusion power, or desalinating ocean water to green deserts, nations have been told, rather arbitrarily, that ‘scarcity’ has to be respected and, like beasts, adapted to in a survival of the fittest paradigm. This logic has been used to manipulate idiots with political power into initiating almost every single un-necessary war during this past century, and governs the geopolitical thinking that is resulting in potential territorial conflict the world over today.

According the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2011, this past year has witnessed the greatest drop of nuclear energy use on record (with a 4.3% fall) while coal has become the world’s fastest growing fuel (totalling 30.3% of global use). While “green energies” such as wind and solar power have risen by 25.8% and 86.6% respectively, their combined total contribution to global energy consumption is a measly 2.1%.

The energy required to produce “renewable” energies far outweigh their output while the wasted land area required to sustain them is not only bad economics, but it is more importantly, the sickly effects of a community of nations turning their backs on 600 years of progress and embracing an ideology which will permit no more than one billion humans living in political, mental and physical conditions not terribly different from feudalism.

Today, new energy sources await the political will to overcome those boundary limits met by our current addiction to fossil fuels and inefficient green “renewables”. On top of the prospect of connecting Eurasian countries in a “New Silk Road” known as the World Landbridge and Bering Strail Tunnel, the new frontier defining Mackinder’s fraud is located in the prospect of unbounded space exploration, lunar and Mars industrialization and asteroid defence.

None of these are “utopian fantasies”, but rather active policies either already being applied by leading nations such as China and Russia, or being offered by leaders among those nations such as Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin’s offer for Strategic Defense of Earth (SDE), and Russian Transport Minister Yakunin’s Bering Strait proposal[3].

The effect of continuing to tolerate the limits we find imposed upon ourselves as a species, will entail not only undoing the industrial revolution, but also ushering in new wars with the use of thermonuclear weapons, risking the extermination of humanity.

[1] Were it not for Britain’s offer to bribe BC merchants during a heated period of 1867-1870, all onlookers from Canada and the USA alike believed that this British colony was nearly about to incorporate into America, as this provided the only economically viable options available for the bankrupt colony. The Transcontinental railway had just been built into San Francisco and an active ferry system connected the BC merchants to the USA. The British had to move fast and did so by 1) paying off British Columbia’s massive debt, and 2) then purchasing the massive territory separating its eastern and western colonies also known as Rupert’s Land and owned by the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1868 and 3) finally promising to build a railway connecting BC to Eastern Canada which was accomplished in 1885. The only condition was that British Columbia join the Confederation and not choose the American option.

[2] Funds totalling six million dollars were raised privately, concluding the project could be done for $300 million. An editorial in the New York Times of October 24th, 1905, observed that “the Bering Strait Tunnel is a project which at some time in the future is likely to command a great deal of very purposeful consideration.”